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OUR LEGAL GUIDE

 

Women’s Rights

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). The “women’s bill of rights” is a cornerstone of all UN Women programmes. More than 185 countries are parties to the Convention.

 

Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (PFA). Adopted by governments at the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women, this document sets forth governments’ commitments to enhance women’s rights. Member states reaffirmed and strengthened the platform in 2000 during the global five-year review of progress, and pledged to accelerate its implementation during the 10-year review in 2005 and the 15-year review in 2010.

UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (2000) recognized that war impacts women differently, and reaffirmed the need to increase women’s role in decision-making with regard to conflict prevention and resolution. The UN Security Council subsequently adopted four additional resolutions on women, peace and security: 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010). Taken together, the five resolutions represent a critical framework for improving the situation of women in conflict-affected countries.

 

On sustainable development, Millennium Declaration and Millennium Development Goals were embraced by all UN Member States and outline a set of time-bound and measurable goals and targets to promote gender equality and to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy and environmental degradation by 2015.

 

Children Rights

The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to integrate the full range of human rights; political, economic, civil, cultural and social rights. The Convention clearly states that, a child has the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four fundamental principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the opinions of the child. Currently, 193 countries are part of it.

 

On the 8th plenary meeting 8th 2000, Millennium Declaration and Millennium Development Goals were incorporated by all UN Member States to encourage the ratification and full implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its optional protocols (General Assembly resolution A/RES/54/263 of 25 May 2000) on the involvement of children in armed conflict and on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.